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Measuring the Technology and Industry Impacts of Industrial Collaboration Program (ICP)

05 Oct 2021


This issue focuses on the ICP impacts on technology and industry of selected ICP projects. These impacts may contribute to creating jobs, attract investment, and create business opportunities in the supply chain ecosystem related to the manufacturing and service sectors in Malaysia. Table 1 below shows the ICP recipients that have participated in this study.

Table 1: ICP recipients

1.0 Introduction

Technology development plays a key role in building national competitiveness. As the technology developed and advances, it will contribute to the growth of innovation capability, one of the pillars in measuring Global Competitiveness Index. The role of TDA in technology development is to identify the gaps in technology in the local ecosystem and where possible, addresses them through ICP programme. These programme focused on developing new knowledge and skillsets, development and application of technology that will facilitate the industry to the development of new products/services and process development/improvement.

Meanwhile, industrial development is necessary for the modernization of local sectors in Malaysia. The role of ICP in industry development is to address some of the need for the development of the industry in the local ecosystem through various projects under ICP objectives.

1.1 ICP Impact Assessment Framework

An impact assessment framework for technology and industry was developed to measure the impact of ICP projects to the development of technology and industry. The framework contains three (3) main components which are input, output, and outcome of ICP.

For technology development, the output measures the technology capability and the absorptive capability of the recipients prior and after project completion. The outcome, on the other hand, measures the innovation and organisation performance as a result of the output. The ICP providers performance was also measured to verify any relationship on its influence to the output and outcome of the projects.

For industry development, the output measures the impact on the industry landscape by evaluating the growth in knowledge and skillsets, job creation or sustenance, local supply chain development and new investment made. The outcome measurements are the same as that of earlier framework mentioned above.

2.0 Impact Assessment Analysis

2.1 Technology Development Analysis

2.1.1 Research & Development Capabilities

The effectiveness of Research & Development (R&D) capabilities are measured by four (4) criteria which are the ability to produce new products, R&D know-how, productivity, and plan to develop new technology. The study utilises a rating scale to analyse the effectiveness of R&D capabilities.

The following are the results of the R&D capabilities based on the study.                

  • ICP projects have developed the R&D competency in new technology (R&D know-how). The R&D know-how has shown significant improvement (before-after) in the rating capabilities to the competency of R&D personnel. Three (3) recipients (SMH Rail, UiTM, and AATS) have developed their expertise in R&D know-how.
  • ICP projects have helped the recipients to develop a new plan/roadmap for the technology acquired in their company (SMH Rail, Truckquip, and UiTM).
  • ICP projects have paved the way for the introduction of new products bythree (3) recipients i.e., Truckquip, SMH Rail, and Mudahjuta Industries.
  • ICP projects have contributed to productivity improvement in terms of quality, cost, and delivery.

Figure 1: Research & Development Capabilities

78% of recipients showed improvement in R& D know-how

Figure 2: Research & Development Capabilities

67% recipients indicate improvement in development of new technology

Figure 3: Research & Development Capabilities

56% recipients indicate the ability to produce new products

2.2        Industry Development Analysis

Industry development analysis in the ICP context consists of training programmes, development of skilled personnel, job opportunities, supply chain ecosystem, and investment.

2.2.1 Training programme

The analysis identified and measured types of training programmes in ICP, the effectiveness of the training, and organization expectations towards the ICP training programme.

Based on the study, the analysis found five (5) main types of training were conducted as shown in Figure 4.

Figure 4: Types of training programme

Figure 5 illustrates the effectiveness of the training programme(s) according to the types of training. The classroom and on-job training were evaluated as very effective by ICP recipients.

Figure 5: Effectiveness of the training programme(s)

Figure 6 indicates that most of the recipients agreed that the training programme met organization expectations (8 projects) with a percentage of 90%.

Figure 6: Training program meet organization expectation

*Total projects : 9 *Total recipients : 8
* 1 project excluded
( Mudahjuta)

2.2.2 Job Opportunities

The study found 726 jobs have been created after the implementation of ICP. There are four (4) recipients who have successfully created job opportunities through ICP projects. Figure 7 shows the results of the study.

Figure 7: Job Opportunities

  2.2.3 Local and Global Supply Chain Ecosystem

There are several recipients have successfully qualified and/or certified by ICP providers and become a supply chain partner.

  • Truckquip Sdn. Bhd. was successfully certified by Volvo as its global vendor.
  • Advanced Air Traffic System (M) Sdn. Bhd. (AATS) has been certified with Level 1 MRO by Leonardo.
  • SMH Rail Sdn. Bhd. was successfully certified by Siemens and become its global vendor

Figure 8: Local Supply Chain Ecosystem

Figure 9: Global Supply Chain Ecosystem

2.2.4 Investment

Figure 10 illustrates seven (7) recipients who have received investment from the ICP provider. These investments have enabled the recipients to make a significant growth in the industry and presence in the market they are serving.

Figure 10: Investment

3.0 Summary and Conclusion

  1. ICP projects have made significant improvement to the technology development for thelocal recipients. It was found that the technology capability and technology absorptive capability for most of the recipients were improved significantly and created the opportunity for the companies to create new products and services. The overall organisation performance was also improved as a result of the projects.
  • Industry development has also shown improvement in various knowledge and skillsets development. A significant number of jobs created due to the investment made and qualification/certification as the global supplier chain partner for the OEMs.
  • The impacts derived from the analysis above can conclude that ICP programme has been able to significantly develop our local technology capability and industry as a whole.
  • Nevertheless, more effort needed to be carried out to identify the niche area for the technology and the gaps in the industry to be addressed by leveraging ICP. With continuous engagement with the stakeholders especially the industry players, TDA are confident of making significant contribution to the technology and industry development of the country.

Prepared by,

Industry Intelligence Department

Author:Wan Nuraryna Syahira Mohd Marzuki 
Wan Nuraryna Syahira Mohd Marzuki
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